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Overview Abscess

A painful collection of pus anywhere in the body caused by bacterial infection is called abscess. This collection of the pus is within the tissue. While pressing, you can feel the swelling. There are mainly two types of abscess: - Skin abscesses: They develop under the skin - Internal abscesses: They develop inside the body, in an organ or in the spaces between organs. Among the two, skin abscess is more common.

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Symptoms

Some common symptoms of abscess are: Swollen pus-filled lump. High fever. Chills. Pain in the affected area. Redness. Feels warm and tender when touched.


Causes

An abscess is caused as a result of the body’s defense to kill bacteria that enter the skin through minor breaks and punctures, or through inflammation of hair follicles or obstruction of oil glands on the skin. As a response, the body’s immune system tries to kill these germs with an inflammation. Patients suffering from the below mentioned issues may be more prone to more severe abscesses: Cancer. Weak immune system. AIDS. Diabetes. Ulcerative colitis. Leukemia. Severe burns. Alcohol consumption and drug abuse.


Diagnosis

For skin abscess, the doctor usually follows the following methods: Physical examination Blood tests Complete medical history test


Treatments

Antibiotics For large and stubborn abscesses, the doctor may prescribe a course of antibiotics to help clear the infection and prevent it from spreading. Drainage procedure Mostly the doctors use open and drain treatment for curing an abscess because antibiotics are not effective all the time. It is necessary to remove any foreign material present in an abscess. For this, incision and drainage is used. In this process, contents are discharged through the respiratory tract. For internal abscess, the doctor uses a needle inserted through the skin which is called percutaneous abscess drainage. It is done under local anesthesia. Surgery In severe cases, surgery may be required. The type of surgery will depend on the location of the abscess in the body.


Prevention

Follow the aforementioned measures to avoid abscess: Maintain personal hygiene. Wash your skin regularly with soap and water. Healthy diet. Exercise to maintain a fit lifestyle.


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