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Overview Androgenetic Alopecia

It is a form of hair loss which is seen both in men and women. In men, this condition is called male-pattern baldness. Baldness in men is more well-defined in comparison to women. In men, starting above the temples, the hairline starts receding eventually, causing partial or complete baldness. While in women, it causes thinning of the hairs, and rarely leads to complete baldness. Androgenetic alopecia is caused due to prolonged effect of androgen on the hair follicles. In some cases it might also be due to other factors like seasonal changes, malnutrition, anemia, etc.

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Symptoms

The possible symptoms of the disease are: Gradual recession of frontal hairline in men. Bi-temporal recession of hair in women. Increased hair fall. Thinning of the hair.


Causes

There are multiple reasons for hair loss. These are: Hormonal changes after menopause in women. Hormonal imbalance in women such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Stress during pregnancy can also lead to partial hair loss (bald patches). Birth control pills can affect hair quality in women. In men, baldness may be associated with medical conditions including heart diseases, prostate enlargement, diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, etc. Excessive smoking. Poor diet.


Diagnosis

Blood tests Thyroid tests Biopsy Dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS) and testosterone analysis in women Total iron-binding capacity and transferrin saturation


Treatments

The specialists may employ various methods to treat androgenetic alopecia: .. Surgical transplantation It is the traditional and more popular form of therapy. Surgically, hair transplantation is done by harvesting hair from the donor’s scalp through follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS), or follicular unit extraction (FUE). This is a safe procedure and gives natural looking hair. Low-level light therapy |It is a laser therapy that is believed to facilitate cellular respiration, which leads to increased ATP (adenosine triphosphate) production in the cells. It is a new treatment approved by FDA. Medical Procedure Conventional treatment for hair loss involves drug treatment. There are many drugs like minoxidil, finasteride, available to treat receding hair.


Prevention

Following measures can be adopted to prevent the condition: Adopting a healthy lifestyle. Quitting smoking.


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