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Overview Arrhythmia

Arrhythmia is a complication with the rate of your heartbeat. It arises with the improper working of electrical impulses that correlate with your heartbeats, affecting your heart to beat too slow, too fast or irregularly. When the rate is too slow, it is called bradycardia. When the rate is too fast, it is called tachycardia. Many factors such as smoking, congenital heart defects and stress are majorly responsible for this condition. There are many effective treatments available that focus to recondition a normal heart rhythm.

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Symptoms

Many cases of arrhythmia cause no symptoms. But when they are present, the most common ones are: Sweating Fast or slow heart beat Chest pain Shortness of breath Fluttering in your chest


Causes

There are various causes that can lead to arrhythmia: High blood pressure A heart attack Sleep apnea Blocked arteries in your heart Drinking too much caffeine or alcohol Overactive and underactive thyroid gland


Diagnosis

Doctors diagnose arrhythmia based on family and medical history, a physical examination and the outcomes from tests and procedures. ... Holter monitor Implantable loop recorder Electrocardiogram Tilt table test Event monitor


Treatments

Common arrhythmia treatments include specific procedures, medicines and surgery. The treatment for arrhythmia mainly focuses on reducing the significant symptoms or risks related to more heart problems. .. Pacemaker A pacemaker detects an abnormal heart rate and then it releases electrical impulses that recondition the heart to beat at a normal rate. Cardioversion In cardioversion, an electric shock or medication is delivered to restore the heart to its regular rhythm. Surgery In most cases, certain surgeries like maze procedure or coronary bypass surgery may be the recommended treatment for arrhythmia. Vagal maneuvers These maneuvers are used to decelerate the heart rate by restoring the vagus nerve.


Prevention

Eat fibre-rich food Exercise regularly Limit alcohol intake Healthy lifestyle


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